Essay On Culture Of Punjabi


 Geographically, the North West region of India is known as Punjab. This is called the land of five rivers as the word Punjab is made up of two words 'Panj'+ 'Aab' where 'Panj' means five in Punjabi and 'Aab' mean rivers in Punjabi.

Punjabi Culture is the culture of the Punjab region. It is one of the oldest and richest cultures in world history, dating from ancient antiquity to the modern era. Though it is mother tongue of the natives of Punjab in India and Pakistan, it is now spoken internationally by an estimated 100 to 125 million people. 

The language finds a place of pride in many countries including Canada where it is the fourth most spoken language. The Punjabi Culture is the culture of the Punjabi people who are now distributed throughout the world. Some of the main areas include, Punjabi Philosophy, poetry, spirituality, education, artistry, music, cuisine, science, technology, military warfare, architecture, traditions, values and history.

Punjabi, as noted above, is spoken as a minority language in several other countries, including Afghanistan, as well as many nations where Punjabis have emigrated in large numbers, such as Britain, Canada, Australia and the United States.

However, Punjabi culture much like its Bengali counterpart, suffered a split betweenIndia and Pakistan during the Partition of 1947. As such, Punjabi language and culture tend to be uniting factors for the people of India and Pakistan in spite of national and religious affiliations.

While most loaned words come from English, Hindi and Urdu and indirectly from Persian, Punjabis around the world have integrated terms from such languages as Spanish and Dutch.

Punjabi Cuisine

Tandoori chicken is a popular dish in Punjabi cuisine.

Punjabi Cuisine has an immense range of dishes and has become world-leader in the field so much so that many entrepreneurs that have invested in the sector have built large personal fortunes due to popularity of Punjabi Cuisine throughout the world.



Punjabi Dances / Bhangra

Punjabi Dances, due to the long history of the Punjabi culture and of the Punjabi people there is a large number of dances. These dances are normally performed at times of celebration the most prominent being at Punjabi weddings, where the elation is usually particularly intense.

The particular background of the dances can be non-religious and religious. The overall style can range from very high energy to more reserved, however the common elements make it particularly attractive to the viewers whether they be of Punjabi heritage or not, the allure is considered universal. Punjabi dances are designed for either men or women.

Most popular Punjabi dances are Bhangra, Giddha, Jhumar, Luddi, Dankara Julli, Sammi, Dhamal, Jaago, Kikli and Gatka.

A Punjabi wedding reception

                                               PUNJABI WEDDING TRADITIONS

Main article: Punjabi wedding traditions

Punjabi wedding traditions and ceremonies are traditionally conducted in Punjabi and are a strong reflection of Punjabi culture. 
While the actual religious marriage ceremony, among Hindus, Sikhs , Mus lims may be conducted in Sanskrit, Punjabi, Arabic by the Pundit, Kazi, Granthi or Priest. 
There are commonalities in ritual, song, dance, food, dress. The Punjabi wedding has many rituals and ceremonies that have evolved since traditional times.


For Sikhs, marriage is “Anand Karaj”, a ceremony of bliss. It is a simple but elegant ritual that is usually held in Gurudwara or other wedding halls.

Generally the preparation starts a week before the actual day of marriage. More preference is given to arranged marriages than love marriages among Sikhs. Usually the parents look for a suitable match among the community and the preparation begins once a suitable match is found.

The first step in a Sikh wedding is the purchase of Rumalla Sahib, a set of four pieces of cloth to be used to cover the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy text of Sikhs. The bride’s grandparents and uncles publically acknowledge the mark of wedding by purchasing clothes and jewelleries and hosting one day meal.

The Engagement or “Kurmai”:

This formal engagement is usually conducted either at Gurudwara or at the groom’s house. The families of the bride and groom exchange gifts like clothes, traditional sweets and jewellery.The bride’s father gives the groom a gold ring, bangle and gold coins. The bride wears these gold coins around her neck which is a tradition similar to the “mangalsutra” seen among Hindu women.

“Chunni” or Wedding Veil:

After the engagement the groom’s family visit the bride’s house for a ceremony called “Chunni” or Wedding Veil. Only close relatives and friends attend this ceremony. 

The groom’s mother and aunts give the bride a “Chunni”or the wedding veil at this time. The bride is also given clothes and jewellery. The groom’s mother applies “Mehendi” (Henna) on the bride’s palm.

After the engagement the bride and groom are confined to their respective homes up to the date of marriage but now days this confinement is usually for one day only. The confinement period is called “Maiya” which is celebrated by the ladies singing with their drums.

“Vatna” Ceremony:

This ritual is conducted a few days before the actual day of wedding. In this tradition the female relatives of the bride and groom apply a scented powder consisting of turmeric, sandal, barley flour, rose water on their bodies which are followed by an auspicious bath.

“Gana” Ceremony:

In this pre wedding ritual, a red thread is tied to the right wrist of the groom and left wrist of the bride at their respective houses. It is believed that this practice is to protect the two from ill effects.

“Jaggo” Ceremony:

This ceremony is performed by the maternal relatives of the bride. They join in the late hours before the wedding day. The maternal aunt of the bride carries a decorated copper vessel with lights or “dhiyas”made of wheat flour. 

The aunt carries this vessel after lighting and another woman carries a long stick with bells or “ghungroos.”The ladies in group then visit the nearby relatives in the village and perform their traditional dance “giddha.”

“Gharoli” Ceremony:

This ceremony is observed in the morning of the wedding day by the sister-in –law of the groom and other female relatives. 
They go to Gurdwara or a nearby well to fill water in an earthen pot,“Gharoli.”This water is used to bath the groom on the wedding day. The bride also performs a similar bathing in her house.

“Chura”or the Bangle Ceremony:

This pre wedding ritual is conducted at the bride’s residence. The maternal uncle and aunt give the bride white and red bangles which are tied with gold and silver ornaments.

“Milni” or Wedding Ceremony:

On the wedding day the groom’s sisters tie a floral veil or “sehera”to his forehead. The relatives adorn his neck with currency notes. The groom wears a long coat and the male members wear pink turbans. Before leaving to the bride’s house the groom’s sisters-in law apply surma or “kohl.”

Similarly bridal make up is done in the bride’s house by their sisters and friends. They tie golden metal plates or “kalerian” to her bangles. She wears a lehenga-chunni or salwar-kameez, a hair ornament or “tikka”and a nose ring or “nath.”She also wears other ornaments and gets ready to expect her groom.

The groom accompanied with friends and relatives leaves for the bride’s house on horseback or in car as in many places, the party then arrive at the bride’s house with music and dance. The family members of both bride and groom exchange garlands and gifts.

The procession then go to a Gurudwara or other wedding hall for the wedding ceremony “Anand Karaj.”After serving breakfast for all, the bride and groom sit together to attend the Guru Granth Sahib Kirtan.The men and women sit separately with legs crossed.

The groom’s sister or other female relative drapes a shall or turban cloth around his shoulders and he holds the end with his right hand. The bride’s father or other acting on his behalf holds the other end and gives it to her to hold it by her left hand. The bride and groom circle the Guru Granth Sahib four times. The groom leads the bride with a sword in his hand. The priest of the Gurudwara sings hymns from the Granth and after the fourth round, they are declared as husband and wife. All those assembled there bless the couple and give gifts. The ceremony is ended after a grand feast.

Post Wedding Ceremony or “Vidaai”:

This ceremony is a very emotional affair to the bride as she moves to depart from the house; she throws back rice or wheat over her shoulders to wish prosperity and well being to her parents.


                                             WEDDING CAR

                                  PICTURES OF THE BRIDE


Punjabi celebration of any kind is incomplete without the sound of dhol. Punjabi's, in any part of the world, have to have dhol players in every happy occasion to have a wholesome Punjabi style celebration.

However, till recently, finding dhol players in western countries used to be very difficult. Punjabis living in UK had to go to the extent of calling dhol players all the way from India or other Asian countries to have the perfect Punjabi wedding. This involved a lot of trouble in making arrangements for their timely travel. But that time has passed and so has those troubles. 

Now there are various Asian event management companies coming up in these western countries itself, which provide all types of services for the celebration of occasions like weddings, festivals and birthday parties in a traditional Punjabi way. These include expert dhol players as well. Now whenever and whatever occasion it may be, even the Punjabis living in western countries can get dhol players instantly and have a typical Punjabi celebration.






The golden temple in amritsar is the mainly high of every sikh shrines. Pro the sikh population the harmandir sahib gurdwara superior famous when golden temple is the ultimate devout idea. 

The first Sikh maharaja, Raja Ranjit Singh, made Amritsar his divine funds while Lahore was the of time place of his just now founded going up territory. 

It is adorned with piece of mirror inlaid in the ceiling and walls. Higher than is a different smaller pavilion. Delicate murals beautify the walls of the pavilions, but other than that, the accent is on plainness. Usually all sikh warrior wanted blessing here before going for war. As a site of holiness and find, the dazzling and calm golden temple india in amritsar represents one of the nearly all racially major shrines for the sikh creed.

The peripheral is at once visible meant for its golden gilded exterior and metaphorical limestone work production it the nearly all identifiable Sikh temple in India. The golden temple India is reached by a solitary walkway that juts out starting the shore of the lake. Each one should cover their head as a sign of esteem and seize off their end wear. At the doorway head scarves are provided for this intention. Easily there is a visitor's in rank agency placed here. Indoors, different shrines to past Sikh gurus and saints adorn the Sikhism temple composite. There is and a inner museum.

A stride next to the banks of the water allows you to take in the attractive setting. It is in addition a likelihood to lurch athwart the swim ritual of the Sikh faithful who bathe their soul by immerse themselves in the revered waters of the lake during the day and evening.

Many get nearer to the golden temple Amritsar looking for pious clarification and having create illusion abscond filled amid power and energy. The creation of golden temple at a junior level was a split away from the Hindu habit of constructing a temple at a top level. It be done to construct the guests go down the stepladder in order to forfeit service to the blessed shrine.





Sat sri akal


Sat sri akal

See you again

Fir milaan ge

Alweeda  [informal]




Kirpa karke

Meherbani karke





God bless

Rab rakha

See you later

Fer milde aa

What’s up?


What’s new?

Koi navi  taji?

How’s the family?

Sare theek tak ne?

Everything good?


You make me happy

Tusi mainu kush kar dene aa

I love you

Mainu tuhanu pyaar kardi haa

In English please

English wich gal karo

Stop talking about me

Bas karo, meriyan gallan na karo

Happy birthday

Janam din diyan vadhaiyan

*Punjabi and Hindi language are similar. Except for a couple of words and the style of using them such as Punjabi uses TUSI whereas Hindi uses AAP both of the word has the same meaning which is YOU. Punjabi tend to be more aggressive and upbeat about their language while Hindi tend to speak on a politer note.

Are Punjabi's more culturally similar 2 Pakistani's than South Indians?

It is a completely different culture and Language between Punjabi ‘s and South Indians  whereas my Pakistani people speak Urdu and Punjabi and they have the same looks with the Punjabi's. Punjabi and South Indian's seem completely different in comparison with their culture,  mannerisms and looks.  There really is no such thing as a true Pakistanian. When the country was formed in the 1940's the name is just an acronym for Punjabi, Afghanistan, Kashmir, India. They added stan to it and you get Pakistan. Whereas South Indians r culturally closer to Sri Lankans, as already pointed out geographical reasons.


1)      If you are going to a Punjabi wedding what colour you are not supposed to wear?

a)   Blue

b)   white

c)     Red

d)   Grey

2)    where is the Golden Temple located?

a)   Punjab

b)   Kerala

c)     Chennai

d)   Amritsar

e)    chandigard

3)    where does the sikh warriors asks for blessing before going for war?

a)   Gurdwara

b)   Golden Temple

c)     Parent’s house

d)   Mom

4)    Who is the first sikh Maharaja?

a)   Ravjit Singh

b)   Ranjit Singh

c)     Rajit Singh

d)   Ramjit Singh 

5)    What is the formal attire for Punjabi girls?

a)   Saree

b)   Punjabi sut

c)     Lengga

d)   Dhoti

6)    What is the traditional instrument of Punjabi culture?

a)   Violin

The word "Punjab" is composed of two Persian words, 'Panj' meaning five and 'Aab' which means water. The invigorating and culturally rich state of Punjab is located in the area in proximity to the confluence of 5 rivers Jhelum, Ravi, Sutlej, Beas and Chenab. The unique culture, festivities and spirit of people from this land make them renowned in not only India but the world. Punjabis are known for their will power and free-spirited nature. The culture of Punjab demonstrates a rich history of well-developed ancient civilizations.

The Sikh Jats and Khatris represent the two prime communities of the land of Punjab. While the main profession is agriculture, the communities are also engaged in trade and commerce now. A fair share of the population is the tribes of Punjab which earn their livelihood as unskilled laborers. The skilled laborers actively contribute to enhancing economic growth of the state.

Punjab’s culture and traditions are one of the most distinguished and ancient ones in the world. The unique dances of Punjab like Bhangra and Giddha, their colorful festivals of Lohri, Baisakhi, Teej and vast works in the literary field represent the highlights of the culture of Punjab. The cuisine of Punjab is loved by not only Indians but foreign nationals. Punjabi wedding ceremonies also bear the distinguishing mark of Punjabi culture. The dresses, folk dances, music, rituals and food involved in Punjabi marriages have evolved with the passage of time.

Punjabi Dance

There are a number of folk dances in Punjab, each with their own colorful history and unique style. These dances are performed on occasions like harvest, festivals and marriage ceremonies. Dances with both non-religious and religious backgrounds are popular and range from the “Giddha” and “Sammi” reserved for the girls or the high-voltage “Bhangra” performed by the men.

The Bhangra is a folk dance and music that originated from Punjab. Originally, Bhangra was performed by the farmers of the region to welcome the harvest season. The dance form has witnessed incredible evolution and has been popularized even in the West. Bhangra dance competitions are held with great fanfare in USA and England. Pop albums, Bollywood, college shows and competitions, none have been left untouched by the Bhangra dance.

Another popular Punjabi dance form is the “Giddha and Sammi”. The women stand in a circle and move their hands in characteristic swinging motion, alternated by claps. Clicking, clapping and arm movements characterize the dance. ‘Kurta’ and ‘tehmat’ are worn by the performers.

Punjabi Music

The most popular form of Punjabi music is Bhangra which has made its way into the mainstream music industry as well. Bhangra is being incorporated with other music styles in the Western countries too.

On happy occasions like marriages, Giddha, Luddi, Dhamal and Bhangra are the typical Punjabi music styles that are sung and played. Romantic songs like Boliyan, Mayhiah and Dhola are also sung. Traditional musical instruments used with Punjabi music are Dhol, Dholki, Toombi, Dhaphli, Chimta, Manjira and Kaanto.

Doabi and Majhi form the standard dialect of the Punjabi tongue, but there are a number of local dialects like Malwai, Awadhi and Malwai that are spoken by the common people. Most folk songs and literature was also composed in these dialects. The folk tales of Heer Ranjha, Dulla Bhatti, Sohni Mahiwal, Mirza Sahiban and Puran Baghat are known to every child in Punjab. Apart from these tales, the religious songs of Baba Farid and Shloks of the Sikh Gurus are also important pillars of the Punjabi culture.

Traditional Dresses of Punjab

The Turban has remained an integral part of the Punjabi attire for Sikhs, Muslims and Hindus. The culture associated with turban has also evolved with time and though Hindus and Muslims have given it up, Sikhs are very proud of their traditional turban. The turban is held in high regard by the Sikh men who are forbidden to cut their hair. The traditional dress of Punjabi men is a sarong called ‘tehmat’ or a baggy ‘Pyjama’ coupled with a straight-cut ‘Kurta’. The Punjabi shoes called ‘jootis’ have retained their charm for centuries. Muktsar and Patiala are renowned for their exceptional ‘jootis’. The rural Punjabi men are often seen clad in vibrant sweaters which are knit by the women of the house.

All Punjabi women wear a ‘Salwar Kameez’. The ‘Salwar’ is the bottom wear while the ‘kurta’ is a fitted or loose long shirt-like garment. The ensemble is completed with a ‘duppatta’ which is a rectangular scarf. The ‘Phulkari’ work is very popular in all parts of India. The Punjabi women are skilled in this type of dense embroidery done with colorful silk thread on coarse cotton or ‘Khaddar’ fabric.

Punjabi Wedding Traditions

Punjabi Weddings are a grand affair. The traditions and rituals of a marriage bear a stamp of the Punjabi culture. The weddings in Hindus, Muslims, Jains and Sikhs are conducted by a Pundit, Qazi, Priest and Granthi respectively. However, the celebrations, attire and cuisine have many similarities.

In a traditional Sikh marriage, the couple bows before the Guru Granth Sahib at the Gurudwara. Traditional rituals are performed and Hymns from the Holy book are read, after which the 1st Lanv is recited by the priest. Along with the recitation of the 4 Lanv, the bride and groom walk around the Guru Granth Sahib in clockwise fashion.

Punjabi Cuisine

The huge variety of Punjabi dishes has made their mark in restaurants and food chains in all parts of the world. The “sarson ka saag” and “make ki roti” is the staple of Punjabi diet and loved by everyone. Chole Bhature, Samosa, Butter Chicken, Naan and Mutter Paneer are some of the popular dishes of Punjabi cuisine. Lassi is the refreshing yoghurt drink that is consumed in large quantities in Punjab.

Punjabi Literature

Punjabi Poetry is renowned for its deep meaning and clear use of words. It impacts the reader with the views of the Punjabi mindset. The famous Punjabi literary works have been translated in many languages around the world. The Shahmukhi and Gurumukhi scripts were commonly used in all Punjabi works.



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