French And Russian Revolution Comparison Essay Template

Enlightenment Ideas Inspired The American and French Revolutions

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Enlightenment Ideas Inspired The American and French Revolutions

The American and French Revolutions were both fundamentally based on the Enlightenment ideas. The main ideas that they followed were by John Locke. His ideas inspired the Americans and the French to have a revolution. In these revolutions, the Americans had success and the French failed. The success that the Americans experienced wad due to the protection of rights they had. These rights are 'Life, Liberty and Property.? In America a constitution was put together that provided for a stable government and also a representative government. In France failure was caused by chaos, terror, fear and war. The French were unsuccessful because they failed to create a democratic…show more content…

What Madison is saying is that factions are going to be in a society no matter what. People are going to have different opinions. Factions are always going to exist, and no matter what, the government cannot remove factions because if they do then they are eliminating peoples rights. The constitution protects against this. ?Liberty is to faction, what air is to fire, an aliment without which it instantly expires. But it could not be a less folly to abolish liberty, which is essential to political life, because it nourishes faction, than it would be to wish the annihilation of air, which is essential to animal life, because it imparts to fire its destructive agency.? This is one reason that the Americans had success (Ziegler 216).

In order to control the effects of a faction, Madison said that the government needed to have a checks and balance system. By doing this, factions are prevented from getting too powerful. This is the reason why the Americans clearly put a checks and balance system in the constitution. In the constitution, these rights are guaranteed (Ziegler 216-220).

In France, the French were completely against factions. Robespierre thought factions are a threat to equality, and the ?common good?. He also thought that factions and everyone who had believed in factions were a threat to the Revolution. ?Hidden internal enemies, with the word liberty on their lips, stem the flow of life. Despite your benevolent laws,

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By the late XIX-early XX century, it has became apparent that so-called democracy has become a rule of rich (the richer you are, the more of rights you have), laws defends the rich (I may give the quotes from Anatol Frank who isn't Russian) and exploitation of work force was really strong (now the exploitation is transferred to third world countries, so the western workers can temporarily enjoy much lower levels of exploitation - until Southeastern Asia econolics rise enough). Remember that "Declaration" is just mere words, not connected to the reality. We talk about late XIX - early XX centuries capitalism.

You should also know that Russian nobility were huge fans of everything French, some were speaking French language better than Russian. And now suddenly there's a revolution and French king is executed!! Also, you should know that after the defeating of Napoleone Bonapart, Russians have seen post-revolutionary France. Even before revolutions of 1905 and 1917-18 there was an "Decembrists" attempt of seizing Czar's power in 1825.

Marx, whose economical and political works caused so much of impact on Russia, was also a western sciencist.

So, basically Russians had tried to go the French way, but "improved" it with Marx ideas, but, as we Russians always do, tried it too hard, too much. So, it has become an failure. But, I don't think that American system installed here now in Russia is better. Low culture and huge gap between rich and poor.

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